Glossary of Terms
Applied
Lettering or numbering is cut, colors are sewn together, then piece is sewn onto garment.
Applique
The use of fabrics sewn onto one another for decoration that adds dimension and texture. Designs with applique are economical because they reduce the amount of embroidery stitches needed to fill the design area.
Auto-Sew

Embroidery process where machinery stitching is used to mimic a hand-sewn zigzag stitch. Auto-sewing can be used to join one layer of fabric to another, or to sew lettering to a garment. It is typically used to save time for high volume orders.

Chenille
A form of embroidery in which a loop stitch is formed on the topside of the fabric. Heavy yarns made of wool, cotton, or acrylic are used. Some designs are digitized to look like Chenille.
Digitizing
The process of taking artwork from any source, including your original drawings, and turning it into a language that a computerized embroidery machine can translate into stitches.
Finishing
Processes performed after embroidery is complete. Includes trimming loose threads, cutting or tearing away excess backing, removing topping, cleaning any stains, pressing or steaming to remove wrinkles or hoop marks and packaging for sale or shipment.

HPO (Heat

Press On)

Twill that has a glue backing on it so it can be heat pressed on to a garment. It must be zigzag stitched onto the garment afterwards to prevent fraying.
Inlaid
Lettering or numbering is cut, then colors are pressed but not sewn together.
Kiss-Cut
Method of cutting materials to make the overall weight of the lettering or numbering lighter. For a 2 color Kiss-cut, a thin outline of the bottom color is cut and placed on top of the top color, instead of the top color being cut and placed on top of the bottom color. It has the same appearance as a regular cut, and uses less material.
Poly-Pro Twill®
100% Polyester Twill used extensively by MLB, NBA, NHL, NFL, and colleges. Applies to any fabric that can be sewn. Also sold with no adhesive backing for an excellent banner and flag material.
Pre-Sewn
Lettering or numbering is cut, then colors are sewn together but not sewn onto garment.
PSA (Pressure Sensitive Adhesive)
Twill with a paper backing that can be peeled off then pressed onto a garment without the use of heat. It must be zigzag stitched onto the garment afterwards to prevent fraying.
Running Stitch
A series of single stitches forming a line. One stitch which goes Point A to Point B. A running stitch is often used for fine details, outlining, and underlay.
Satin Stitch
A sewing action where two stitches form a column. It can be used for sewing one layer of fabric to another, to sew lettering or numbering to a garment, and for detail. A satin stitch is normally anywhere from 2 mm to 12 mm, and has the appearance of a thick line.
Uncoated
Twill that has no adhesive (HPO or PSA) applied to it.
Zigzag Stitch
A zigzag action where two stitches are used to sew one layer of fabric to another layer. It is also used to sew lettering and numbering to a garment. A zigzag stitch is normally anywhere from 2 mm to 12 mm, and has the appearance of zigzags.
 
 
 
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